Some collision types are likely to have more severe consequences. Rollovers have turn out to be more common recently, perhaps because of increased popularity of people carriers, minivans, and, taller SUVs having a greater center of gravity than ordinary passenger vehicles.
Rollovers are deadly, particularly if the occupants of the vehicle are ejected due to not wearing seatbelts (83 percent rollover crashes involving ejections were deadly when the driver didn’t wear a seatbelt, compared to 25 percent when they did).
After an innovative Mercedes Benz design infamously failed a “moose test” (abrupt swerving in order to avoid an obstacle), a number of manufacturers improved suspension with the use of stability control connected to an ABS (anti-lock braking system) to lessen the odds of a rollover.
Following the retrofitting of these systems to its 1999–2000 models, Mercedes observed that its models had gotten involved in fewer collisions.
Now, about 40 percent of new US vehicles, mainly the pickup trucks, vans and SUVs that are more prone to rollovers, are being manufactured with a lesser center of gravity, and better suspension with stability control connected to its ABS (anti-lock braking system) to lessen the chances of a rollover and qualify for United States federal requirements that ordered anti-rollover technology.
Motorcyclists have very little protection except for their helmets and clothing. This difference is demonstrated in the fatality data, where they’re more than twice prone to suffer critically after a crash. In 2005, there were 271,017 reported road casualties and 198,735 road collisions in Great Britain.
This included 28,954 injuries (10.7%) and 3,201 casualties (1.1%). Of these deaths, 66% (178,302) were vehicle users, and 9% (24,824) were motorcyclists, of whom 2.3% were killed (569) and 24% badly injured (5,939).
Due to the worldwide and massive-scale issue, with estimations that by the year 2020, road traffic injuries and deaths will surpass HIV AIDS as a problem of disability and death, the UN as well as its junior bodies have held conferences and passed resolutions on the problem.
The first UN General Assembly debate and resolution was held in 2003. In 2005, “World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic Victims” was announced. In 2009, the major high level executive session on road safety was organized in Moscow.
The WHO (World Health Organization), a specialized association of the UN, in its Global Status Report regarding Road Safety in 2009, approximates that more than 90 percent of the world’s death rates on the roads take place in middle-income and low-income countries, which only comprises 48 percent of registered vehicles, and estimates that injuries concerning road traffic would rise to become the 5th primary cause of fatality by the year 2030.
Road injuries caused 1.4 million casualties in 2013, from 1.1 million casualties during the early 1990s. This is approximately 2.5 percent of all casualties. Fifty million more were harmed in vehicle crashes in 2004.
India documented 105,000 traffic casualties in one year, China after that with more than 96,000 casualties. This makes vehicle crashes the primary cause of death and injury among children (10-19 years old) globally (10 million children are injured, and 260,000 die a year), and the 6th leading cause of causality in the USA (2.4 million people were injured and 45,800 died in 2005).
In Texas, United States alone, there were 415,892 traffic accidents, including 3,005 deadly collisions in 2012. In Canada, they’re the cause of 48 percent of serious injuries.